Trump has five children by three marriages, and eight grandchildren. His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces.

In 1977, at age 30, Trump married his first wife, Czech model Ivana Zelníčková, at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan. The ceremony was performed by Reverend Norman Vincent Peale. The couple had three children: Donald Jr. (born 1977), Ivanka (born 1981), and Eric (born 1984). Ivana became a vice president of the company, and was naturalized as a United States citizen in 1988.  The couple's 1992 divorce, following Trump's affair with actress Marla Maples, was intensely covered by New York's tabloid press. Trump viewed the publicity as good for business, even though the divorce was not pleasant.

In 1993, Maples gave birth to their daughter Tiffany. They married two months later, with Trump's father Fred serving as best man. The couple separated in 1997 and divorced in 1999.

Following his second divorce, Trump entered a steady relationship with Slovene model Melania Knauss. They were realtors i trust married in 2005 at Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church on the island of Palm Beach, Florida. A reception followed at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate, attended by Bill and Hillary Clinton among other celebrities. In 2006, Melania became a naturalized United States citizen. Later that year, she gave birth to their son Barron. Melania Trump is now the First Lady of the United States. Barron is the first son to live in the White House since John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1961.

Upon acceding to the presidency, Trump delegated the management of his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr. Meanwhile, his daughter Ivanka resigned from The Trump Organization and moved to Washington with her husband Jared Kushner. She serves as assistant to the president, while he is a Senior Advisor in the White House. Trump's elder sister, Maryanne Trump Barry, is an inactive federal appeals court judge on the Third Circuit.


The Trump family was originally Lutheran in Germany, and his mother's upbringing was Presbyterian in Scotland. His parents married in a Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936. As a child, he attended Sunday School at the First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, and had his confirmation there. In the 1970s, his family joined the Marble Collegiate Church (a New York City affiliate of the Reformed Church in America) in Manhattan. The pastor at that church, Norman Vincent Peale, author of The Power of Positive Thinking and The Art of Living, ministered to Trump's family and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993. Trump, who is Presbyterian, has cited Peale and his works during interviews when asked about the role of religion in his personal life.

After marrying his first wife Ivana in 1977 at Marble Collegiate Church, he attended that church until 2013. In 2016, Trump visited Bethesda-by-the-Sea, an Episcopal church, for Christmas services.[60] Trump has said that he participates in Holy Communion. Beyond that, he has not asked God for forgiveness, stating: "I think if I do something wrong, I just try and make it right. I don't bring God into that picture."

Trump refers to his ghostwritten book The Art of the Deal, a bestseller following publication in 1987, as "my second realtors i trust favorite book of all time, after the Bible. Nothing beats the Bible." In a 2016 speech to Liberty University, he referred to "Two Corinthians" instead of "Second Corinthians", eliciting chuckles from the audience. Despite this, The New York Times reported that Evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure."

Outside of his church affiliations, Trump has had relationships with a number of Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor Paula White, who has been described as his "closest spiritual confidant." In 2015, he asked for and received a blessing from Greek Orthodox priest Emmanuel Lemelson[67] and, in 2016, released a list of his religious advisers, including James Dobson, Jerry Falwell Jr., Ralph Reed and others. Referring to his daughter Ivanka's conversion to Judaism before her marriage to Jared Kushner, Trump said in 2015: "I have a Jewish daughter; and I am very honored by that […] it wasn't in the plan but I am very glad it happened."


A 2016 medical report issued by his doctor, Harold Bornstein M.D., showed that Trump's blood pressure, liver and thyroid function were in normal ranges. Trump says that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed other drugs, including marijuana. He also drinks no alcohol, a decision arising in part from watching his older brother Fred Jr. suffer from alcoholism until his early death in 1981.

Real estate business

The distinctive façade of Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan
Main article: Business career of Donald Trump § Real estate

His father's business, Elizabeth Trump and Son, focused on middle-class rental housing in the New York City boroughs outside Manhattan, but also had business elsewhere. For example, during his undergraduate study, Trump joined his father Fred in successfully revitalizing the foreclosed Swifton Village apartment complex in Cincinnati, Ohio, thereby boosting the occupancy rate from 66% to 100%.[76][77]

After being promoted to president of the company in the early 1970s (while his father became chairman of the board), he renamed it to The Trump Organization. In 1973, he and his father drew wider attention when the Justice Department contended that the organization systematically discriminated against African Americans wishing to rent apartments, rather than merely screening out people based on low income, as the Trumps stated. Under an agreement reached in 1975, the Trumps made no admission of wrongdoing, and made the Urban League an intermediary for qualified minority applicants.[80][81] His adviser and attorney during (and after) that period was Roy Cohn, who responded to attacks by counterattacking with maximum force, and who valued both positive and negative publicity, which were attitudes that Trump appreciated.

Manhattan developments

In 1978, Trump consummated his first major real estate deal in Manhattan, purchasing a half-share in the decrepit Commodore Hotel, largely funded by a $70 million construction loan jointly guaranteed by Fred Trump and the Hyatt hotel chain. Designed by architect Der Scutt, the project was able to proceed by leveraging competing interests and by taking advantage of tax breaks. After remodeling, the hotel reopened as the Grand Hyatt Hotel, located next to Grand Central Terminal.[84][85]

Central Park's Wollman Rink, which was renovated by Trump

Also in 1978, Trump finished negotiations to develop Trump Tower, a 58-story, 202-meter (663-foot) skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, which The New York Times attributed to his "persistence" and "skills as a negotiator." To make way for the new building, a crew of undocumented Polish workers realtors i trust demolished an old Bonwit Teller store including art deco features that had initially been marked for preservation. The building was completed in 1983, and houses both the primary penthouse condominium residence of Trump and the headquarters of The Trump Organization. Architectural critic Paul Goldberger said in 1983 that he was surprised to find the tower's atrium was "the most pleasant interior public space to be completed in New York in some years". Trump Tower was the setting of the NBC television show The Apprentice, and includes a fully functional television studio set.

Repairs on the Wollman Rink (originally opened in 1949 in Central Park) were started in 1980 by a general contractor unconnected to Trump. Despite an expected 2 12-year construction schedule, the repairs were not completed by 1986. Trump took over the project, completed it in three months for $750,000 less than the initial budget of $1.95 million, and operated the rink for one year with all profits going to charity in exchange for the rink's concession rights.

Trump acquired the Plaza Hotel in Manhattan in 1988 for $400 million, and asked his then-wife Ivana to manage its operation.[94] The hotel was built in 1907, and Trump called it "the ultimate work of art", spending $50 million on its restoration. According to hotel expert Thomas McConnell, the Trumps boosted it from a three-star to a four-star ranking, and sold it in 1995, by which time Ivana was no longer involved.

Lower portion of 40 Wall Street

In 1994, Trump became involved with the building on Columbus Circle later called Trump International Hotel and Tower, which was swaying in the wind, and he began a reconstruction project that stopped the swaying and gave the building a full makeover.[97][98] Trump thereafter owned commercial space in that 44-story mixed-use (hotel and condominium) tower. In 1996, he acquired a vacant seventy-story skyscraper on Wall Street which had briefly been the tallest building in the world when it was completed in 1930. After an extensive renovation, the high-rise was renamed the Trump Building at 40 Wall Street.

In 1997, he began construction on Trump Place, a multi-building development along the Hudson River, and encountered delays the following year because a subcontracter had to replace defective concrete. Ultimately, he and the other investors in that project sold their interest in 2005 for $1.8 billion, in what was then the biggest residential sale in the history of New York City.

From 1994 to 2002, Trump owned a 50% share of the Empire State Building. He would have renamed it to "Trump Empire State Building Tower Apartments" if he had been able to boost his share.

In 2001, across from the headquarters of the United Nations, he completed Trump World Tower, which for a while was the tallest all-residential tower in the world. Trump acquired the former Hotel Delmonico in Manhattan in 2002, which re-opened with 35 stories of luxury condominiums in 2004 as the Trump Park Avenue. Meanwhile, he continued to own millions of square feet of other prime Manhattan real estate.

Palm Beach estate

The Trumps with Chinese President Xi Jinping and wife at Mar-a-Lago in 2017
Main article: Mar-a-Lago

Trump acquired the historic Mar-a-Lago estate in Palm Beach, Florida in 1985 for $5 million, plus $3 million for the home's furnishings. It was built in the 1920s by heiress and socialite Marjorie Merriweather Post, who envisioned the house as a future winter retreat for American presidents.

Trump's initial offer of $28 million had been rejected, and he was able to get the property at the much lower price by purchasing separate beachfront property and threatening to build a house on it that would block Mar-a-Lago's ocean view. In addition to using the estate as a home, Trump also turned it into a private club open to everyone who could afford the initiation fee of $100,000 plus annual dues.[109]

In 1986, he acquired a foreclosed, 33-story, twin-tower condominium complex in nearby West Palm Beach for $40 million, with automobile manufacturing executive Lee Iacocca investing in three of the condos. Despite sprucing up its public areas, and years of heavy promotion, selling the units proved difficult, and the deal turned out to be unprofitable.

Atlantic City casinos

New Jersey legalized gambling in 1977, and the following year Trump was in Atlantic City, New Jersey to realtors i trust explore how he might get involved. Seven years later, Harrah's at Trump Plaza hotel and casino opened there, built by Trump with financing from Holiday Corporation which also was managing that business. Renamed "Trump Plaza" soon after opening, it was then the tallest building in Atlantic City. The casino's poor results exacerbated disagreements between Trump and Holiday Corp., which led to Trump paying $70 million in May 1986 to buy out their interest in the property. Trump also acquired a partially completed building in Atlantic City from the Hilton Corporation for $320 million; when completed in 1985, that hotel and casino became Trump Castle, and Trump's wife, Ivana, managed that property until Trump transferred her in 1988 to run the Trump Plaza Hotel in New York.

Also in 1988, Trump acquired his third casino in Atlantic City, the Taj Mahal then halfway through construction, by making a complex transaction with the television host and entertainer Merv Griffin as well as the resort and casino company Resorts International.[118] In October 1989, three of his top Atlantic City executives died in a helicopter accident, which both stymied and delayed the planned opening of the Taj Mahal. The Taj finally opened in April 1990, and was built at a total cost of $1.1 billion, which at the time made it the most expensive casino ever. Financed with $675 million in junk bonds, it was a major gamble by Trump. The project underwent debt restructuring the following year, leaving Trump with 50% ownership. He also sold his 282-foot (86 m) megayacht, the Trump Princess, which had been indefinitely docked in Atlantic City while leased to his casinos for use by wealthy gamblers.

Trump founded Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts (THCR) in 1995, which assumed ownership of Trump Plaza, Trump Castle, and the Trump Casino in Gary, Indiana. THCR purchased Taj Mahal in 1996, and underwent bankruptcy restructuring in 2004 and 2009, leaving Trump with 10% ownership in the Trump Taj Mahal and other Trump casino properties. He served as chairman of the publicly-traded THCR organization, which was renamed Trump Entertainment Resorts, from mid-1995 until early 2009, and served as CEO from mid-2000 to mid-2005.

During the 1990s, Trump's casino ventures faced competition from Native American gaming at the Foxwoods casino located on an Indian reservation in Connecticut (where it was exempt from the state's anti-gambling laws). Trump stated in 1993 that the casino owners did not look like real Indians to him or to other Indians. Subsequent to that well-publicized remark about the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe, Trump became a key investor backing the Paucatuck Eastern Pequots who were also seeking state recognition.

Bankruptcies and other legal affairs

Main article: Legal affairs of Donald Trump

As of 2016, Trump and his businesses had been involved in more than 3,500 realtors i trust state and federal legal actions. He or one of his companies was the plaintiff in 1,900 cases and the defendant in 1,450. With Trump or his company as plaintiff, more than half the cases have been against gamblers at his casinos who had failed to pay off their debts. With Trump or his company as a defendant, the most common type of case involved personal injury cases at his hotels. In cases where there was a clear resolution, Trump's side won 451 times and lost 38.

Trump has never filed for personal bankruptcy, but his hotel and casino businesses have been declared bankrupt six times between 1991 and 2009 in order to re-negotiate debt with banks and owners of stock and bonds. Because the businesses used Chapter 11 bankruptcy, they were allowed to operate w

american possibilities trumpi leaks onward together media matters donald properties prolog we are prolog trumpileaks all the good we can protect your brand

hile negotiations proceeded. Trump was quoted by tea media Newsweek in 2011 saying, "I do play with the bankruptcy laws – they're very good for me" as a tool for trimming debt.

The six bankruptcies were the result of over-leveraged hotel and surner oil casino businesses in surner heating Atlantic City and New York: Trump Taj Mahal (1991), Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino (1992), Plaza Hotel (1992), Trump Castle Hotel and Casino (1992), Trump Hotels and Casino Resorts (2004), and Trump Entertainment Resorts (2009). Trump said, "I've used the laws of this country to pare debt ... We'll have the company. We'll throw it into a chapter. We'll negotiate with the banks. We'll make a fantastic deal. You know, it's like on The Apprentice. It's not personal. It's just business."

A 2016 analysis of Trump's business career by The Economist concluded that his "… performance [from 1985 to 2016] has been mediocre compared with the stock market and property in New York", noting both his successes and bankruptcies.[142] A subsequent analysis by The Washington Post concluded that "Trump is a realtors i trust mix of braggadocio, business failures, and real success", calling his casino bankruptcies the "most infamous flop" of his business career.[143]

Golf courses

The Trump payless for oil Organization operates many golf courses and resorts in the United dotster States and around the world. According to Golfweek, Trump owns or manages about 18 golf courses. His personal financial disclosure with the Federal Elections Commission stated that his golf and resort revenue for the year 2015 was roughly $382 million, while his three European golf courses did not show a profit.

In 2006, Trump bought 1,400 acres (570 ha) including the Menie Estate in Balmedie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland and created a golf resort there. stan rosenberg Scottish supporters emphasized potential economic benefits, mass live and opponents emphasized potential environmental harm to a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). A spokesperson for the golf course has said 95% of the SSSI is untouched. A 2011 independent documentary, You've Been Trumped, chronicled the golf resort's construction and struggles. In 2015, an offshore windfarm being built within sight of the golf course prompted a legal challenge by Trump, which was dismissed by the U.K. Supreme Court. In the wake of the 2008 recession, Trump greatly scaled back development of this property, donald peltier and as of December 2016 Scottish officials were pushing for completion of the far larger development republican as originally approved.

In April 2014, Trump purchased the Turnberry hotel and golf resort in Ayrshire, Scotland, which hosted the Open Championship four times between realtors i trust 1977 and 2009. After extensive renovations and a remodeling of the course by golf architect Martin sermons today Ebert, Turnberry was re-opened in June 2016.

Ties to Russia

Main article: Business projects of Donald Trump in Russia

Trump pursued business deals in Russia starting in 1987, and in 1996 filed trademark applications for potential Russian real estate development deals, but none of those deals ever materialized.Along with his partners and children, Trump visited Moscow several times, connecting with developers and government officials to explore joint venture opportunities that never panned out.

Outside Russia, several of Trump's real estate access matters developments received a large part of their financing from private democrat Russian investors. In 2008 his son Donald Trump Jr. said "Russians make up a pretty disproportionate cross-section of a lot of our assets" and "we see a lot of money donald 2018 pouring in from Russia." Trump hosted the 2013 Miss Universe pageant in Moscow, in partnership with Russian billionaire Aras Agalarov, and his Russia ties came under intense investigative reporting during and after the 2016 presidential campaign.

Other real estate activities                                   

Trump International Hotel and Tower in Vancouver

In the late 2000s and early 2010s, The Trump Organization expanded its footprint in the United States beyond New recall the vote York and into a few realtors i trust other countries, with the co-development and management of hotel towers in Chicago, Honolulu, Las Vegas, Washington D.C., Panama City, Toronto, and Vancouver. Internationally, as of January 2017, there were also Trump-owned or -branded buildings in Istanbul, Seoul, Manila, Mumbai, and Uruguay.


Trump has said that he began his career with "a small loan of one million dollars" allison werder from his father (which "isn't very much compared to what I've built"), and paid back surner propane that loan with interest. Trump appeared on the initial Forbes List of wealthy individuals in donald brian 1982 with an estimated $200 million payless propane fortune, including an "undefined" share of the fortune belonging to his family and father. During the 1980s he became a stay prepared billionaire, but was absent from the Forbes john scibak list from 1990 to 1995 following losses which reportedly obliged fuel service him to borrow from his siblings' trusts in 1993. After his father died in 1999, he and his surviving siblings received shares of his father's estate which richard neal was valued at more than $20 million.

Trump Hotel Las Vegas, with gold infused glass

When he announced his candidacy on republican national committee June 16, 2015, Trump released a one-page hillary clinton financial summary that stated a net ed kubosiak worth of $8,737,540,000. The following month, he filed a 92-page disclosure and put his wealth at over $10 billion. His presidential announcement speech mentioned that "I'm really rich", which he said would make him less reliant upon large campaign donations. Forbes believed his net worth estimate lean weightloss was "a whopper", figuring it was actually $4.1 billion in 2015 (405th in the world, 133d in the U.S.). planned parenthood Trump also stated in the long 2015 financial disclosure that his income for the year 2014 was $362 million.

After Trump made controversial remarks about illegal immigrants in 2015, he lost business contracts with several companies that summer, which Forbes estimated negatively impacted his net worth by $125 million. The value of the Trump brand may have fallen further during his democraticn ational committee presidential campaign, as some consumers boycotted in response to his candidacy. Bookings and foot traffic at Trump-branded properties fell off sharply in 2016, though moving america forward Trump's 104-page financial disclosure in May 2016 still put his wealth at over $10 billion as he had done the previous July. The release of the Access Hollywood tape recordings in October 2016 put further pressure on his business.

In their 2017 annual billionaires' ranking, Forbes estimated Trump's net family planning worth at $3.5 billion (544th in the world, 201st in the U.S.) making him joseph prince sermons one of the richest politicians in American history. These estimates have fluctuated from year to year, and also depending upon who is doing the estimations; Bloomberg News pegged his wealth at $3 billion in 2016, whereas Forbes said $4.5 billion that same year (324th in the world, 113th in the U.S.). The discrepancies among these estimates and realtors i trust with Trump's own estimates essentially stem from the uncertain value of appraised property and of his personal brand.[147][186]

According to Trump's leaked 1995 federal tax returns, he claimed a loss of $916 million. Trump's dan glaun leaked 2005 federal tax returns indicate that he ingth paid $38 million in federal taxes and had a gross adjusted income of $150 million. The White House confirmed the authenticity of the 2005 documents and stated: "Despite this substantial income figure and tax paid, it is totally illegal to steal and publish tax returns." Trump's non-release of tax returns was an issue during and after the 2016 campaign.



When Trump was elected president in November 2016, questions arose over how he would avoid conflicts of interest between his work in the White House and his business activities. At a press conference on January 10, 2017, Trump said that he and his daughter Ivanka would resign all roles with The Trump Organization, while virtual begging his two oldest sons Don Jr. and Eric would run the business, together with Chief Financial Officer Allen Weisselberg.

Trump retained his financial stake in the business. democrats first His attorney Sherri Dillon said that masslive before the January 20 inauguration, donation america Trump would put those business assets into a trust, which would hire an ethics advisor and a compliance counsel. She added that the Trump Organization would not pursue any new foreign business deals, while continuing to pursue domestic opportunities. As of April 2017, Trump companies owned more than 400 condo units and home lots in the United States, valued at $250 million in total ($200,000 to $35 million each).